Learning to drive a car is a lifelong learning and once learned, you can never forget. Though you may not need to drive every day, but in a fast-paced world, and living in an urban or sub-urban setting, learning to drive is a very useful skill. Being able to drive gives you a lot of flexibility and convenience, be it a moment of emergency when you need to rush to the hospital or be it a pleasure drive on a weekend getaway.
As per the 1988 Act of Motor Vehicle in India, each and every individual must have a driving license to drive legally a motorized vehicle on the public roads and areas. To learn to drive, you need to get a valid Learner’s License to be able to learn and practice driving on the public roads under the supervision of someone who holds a permanent driving license in India.
Obtaining Learner’s License (LLR)
This is issued by the Regional Transport Offices (Also called RTO) of the state where the applicant belongs. Certain familiarity of road senses and road rules are required to obtain a Learner’s license. And for that applicants need to pass a written or online test post which RTO issues LLR. It is a provisional license with which a person can drive in the public roads under the supervision of a permanent license holder. The LLR is valid up to 180 days from issuing.
Categories of Learner’s License
Based on the type of vehicle a person will be driving, the category of Learner’s License Varies. LLR should be pertinent to the type of permanent license that you intend to obtain.
- For Personal Use
- MC 50CC – Motorcycles up to 50 cc engine capacity
- FVG – All Ungeared Motorcycles irrespective of engine capacity
- MCWG or M / CYCL.WG — All Motorcycles with or without gear
- LMV-NT – Non-commercial Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs)
- MC EX50CC — Motorcycles with the engine capacity of 50 CC or above, geared motorcycles and LMVs
- For Commercial Use
- HGMV – Heavy Goods Motorized vehicle
- LMV-TR – Light Motor Vehicles which are for commercial purposes
- LMV – NT – Light Vehicle (motorized) which are used for non-transport purposes
- MGV – Medium vehicles for goods
- HPMV – Vehicles with pan India permit, including trucks, cars and vehicles with open license and heavy passenger vehicles
Eligibility for LLR
Based on the type of LLR applied, criteria varies. But the general requirements applicable for all learners are to be well versed with road and traffic rules, regulations with valid age proof and address proof documents.
- Motor Cycles without gear and up to 50 cc engine capacity – Minimum age is 16 years with parental consent
- Geared Motorcycle – minimum age 18 years
- For Heavy Commercial Vehicles and Transport Vehicles – The minimum age is 18 or 20 years based on the state and the candidate has to complete schooling at least up to 8th Standard
Fees and Documents Required for LLR
While applying for a Learner’s License, the applicant has to submit the required documents along with an application fee of ₹150. Required documents include:
- Completed Application Form
- Address proof
- Age proof
- Passport size Photographs – 6 copies
- Medical Certificate – to be signed by Government Doctors
Procedure to Apply LLR Offline
- Get either Form 2 (the application for LLR with passport size photographs) or Form 3 (Application with photograph). Forms could be downloaded from an online site or obtain from RTO
- Completed application form with required documents and photographs (if required) should be submitted to RTO
- Appear for the test on a pre-scheduled slot
Procedure to Apply LLR Online
Check the online sites of the Transport Department for a particular state or the RTO website, whether online application facility is available. In case it is available then:
- Fill up the application form, complete and error free following the instruction provided in the site
- Upload all the required documents and proofs as mentioned. These documents have to be produced again at the venue while taking the test
- In case the website allows to print the Application form, get it printed. It might need to be submitted in the actual venue later
- Select the test slot if the site allows you
- Make the payment online or you will be sent a receipt through mail that you need to produce at the venue for the test
- Be present at the test venue as per the time slot selected/allotted and take the test
Finally, you can get your permanent driving license if having a valid LLR and after undergoing a driving test successfully. Permanent license is issued between 30 and 180 days of LLR issued. If LLR expires before qualifying and applying for the permanent license, it has to be renewed following the same procedure as the initial one.